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Virtual Organisation

by Andras Micsik last modified Apr 25, 2012 14:36


Virtual Organisation
Domain: Cross-cutting issues
Engineering and Design
Adaptation and Monitoring
Quality Definition, Negotiation and Assurance
(domain independent)

Business Process Management

A virtual organization or company is one whose members are geographically apart, usually working via networked computer applications while appearing to others to be a single, unified organization with a real physical location
"an organization distributed geographically and whose work is coordinated through electronic communications."

It is strictly connected to "Virtual team" concept: "The use of virtual teams creates new possibilities when acquiring project team members. Virtual teams can be defined as groups of people with a shared goal who fulfill their roles with little or no
time spent meeting face to face. The availability of electronic communication such as e-mail, audio conferencing, web-based meetings and video conferencing has made such teams feasible. The virtual team format makes it possible to:
• Form teams of people from the same company who live in widespread geographic areas,
• Add special expertise to a project team even though the expert is not in the same
geographic area,
• Incorporate employees who work from home offices,
• Form teams of people who work different shifts or hours,
• Include people with mobility limitations or disabilities, and
• Move forward with projects that would have been ignored due to travel expenses.
Communication planning becomes increasingly important in a virtual team environment. Additional time may be needed to set clear expectations, facilitate communications, develop protocols for resolving conflict, include people in decision-making, and share credit in successes [PMBOK, 2004].

Service Composition and Coordination

Service Infrastructure

A Virtual Organization (VO) is a set of users and real organizations that collectively provide resources they want to exploit for a common goal [Coppola 2008].
(domain independent)

The formation of virtual organisation (VO) is in fact a collaboration between organisations with clearly defined business objectives. The stakeholders of a virtual organisation seek to create new business opportunities through a set of potentially dynamic business relationships which can be represented as a combination of contracts and understandings which clearly define the liability for the offered services.






  • [CD-JRA-2.3.4] Decision Support for Local Adaptation
  • [Coppola 2008] Virtual organization support within a grid-wide operating system, Coppola, M. and Yvon, J. and others, IEEE Internet Computing, Vol.12, 2008, [PDF]
  • [PMBOK, 2004] Project Management Institute A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, Third Edition, 2004 Project Management Institute, Inc. 
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